Publisher Profile
Home
Watch the HappyCavy Webcams

highlighting the fun and serious moments of caring for guinea pigs

4 Live Guinea Pig Web Cams & Blog | Portland, Oregon USA

Cavies need their nails trimmed once every 8 to 12 weeks [source]

Home » Blog » Vegetables and Fruits Safe for Guinea Pigs To Eat – The Happy Cavy “Snack” List
Guinea Pig Site

Subscribe to Blog Updates OR Submit an Article Idea

Vegetables and Fruits Safe for Guinea Pigs To Eat – The Happy Cavy “Snack” List

Published: 5/31/2010 | Author: HappyCavy | Updated: 3/28/2016

GD Star Rating
loading...

If you think this post deserves under 5 stars,
please let us know why in the comment section! :)

Guinea pig safe food list
Photo courtesy of HappyCavy fan pyza*

Guinea pigs are always eating. Whether it’s pellets, grass hay, daily greens, or the occasional fruit snack, it may often seem like your guinea pig is born to eat (and create magic beans).

With an insatiable diet comes the responsibility to learn what constitues a proper guinea pig diet. Choosing guinea pig safe foods can be a bit of a challenge. There are so many types of fruits, vegetables, and herbs that guinea pigs can eat.

So what should you be feeding your guinea pig?

What fruits and ?  What fruits can guinea pigs eat?? And herbs? What about those?

  • What can guinea pigs eat?
  • Which vegetables, fruits, and herbs are safe to feed your guinea pig?
  • Are the foods you have been giving your cavy “guinea pig safe“?
  • Besides water, hay, and pellets, what else can your guinea pig eat?

→ Jump to the Guinea Pig Safe Food List

First, let’s take a look at the basics of a guinea pig diet or jump to What The Happy Cavy Herd Eats for a general guide on the daily dietary requirements of guinea pigs.

A guinea pig’s diet should consist of the following:

#1. Water

Glass Water Bottle

A constant fresh source of fresh (preferably filtered but NOT distilled) clean, room-temperature water is an absolute must.

Water bottles should be emptied, rinsed, and re-filled each day.

#2. Grass Hay

40% off Hay at SmallPetSelect.com

High-quality grass hay (such as timothy hay) should be available at all times for your guinea pig. Hay delivers the fiber that that is essential for your guinea pig to be able to properly digest and proces food and nutrients. Without a constant intake of fresh hay, guinea pigs’ digestive tracks can shut down. Plus, hay helps guinea pigs keep their teeth clean prevents their teeth from growing too long.

How do you know if hay is high-quality? High-quality hay should be green with pliable stalks, free of mold and foreign particulates, and fragrant (not dusty or void of smell). Cheap, store-bought hay is no substitute for fresh, high-quality yummy goodness.

Most hay purchased at “big box” stores (PetCo, etc.) is NOT high-quality hay. Farm-to-cage is ideal and special caution should be taken when providing the most important food of your guinea pig’s diet: high-quality, pesticide(?) free hay.

Shopping for Hay?

Use coupon code ‘HappyCavy‘ to get FREE SHIPPING for the best hay available at Small Pet Select!

NOTE: An alfalfa hay mix (1/2 timothy, 1/2 alfalfa) should be primarily fed to young guinea pigs under the age of 4 months and pregnant or nursing cavies. Because alfalfa hay is high in calcium, it should NOT be fed to healthy, adult cavies. Healthy, adult guinea pigs should be fed lower-calcium hays such as timothy hay or orchard grass hay.

#3. Pellets

Guinea Pig Pellets

Provide your guinea pig with about 1/4 – 1/8 cup of plain, corn- and seed-free guinea pig pellets for eating each day. Pellets are less important than a constant supply of fresh grass hay, though pellets can provide additional vitamins and nutrients that your guinea pig isn’t getting from hay alone, especially if the pellets are fortified in Vitamin C.

Guinea pig pellets should consist of only high-quality hay and should be served in a ceramic bowl, which is large enough to not tip over.

NOTE: Pellets alone are NOT a substitute for hay! High-quality grass hay is a must for proper guinea pig health.


Vitamin C

Like Humans, guinea pigs cannot manufacture their own vitamin C. To prevent survy and other health issues, each guinea pig should get 10 to 30 milligrams of Vitamin C each day; young, ill, nursing and/or pregnant animals require extra Vitamin C. While many guinea pigs will get an adequate serving of Vitamin C from vegetables and pellets, you may wish to supplement your cavy’s diet with a small amount of Vitamin C, either in power or tablet form.

NOTE: It is NOT recommended that you use water-soluable drops for supplementing Vitamin C. Watch How to Give Vitamin C to Your Guinea Pig (video) to see how HappyCavies get their Vitamin C.

Vegetables, Herbs, & Other Foods

Vegetables at Grocery Store

Guinea pig may be fed up to 1 cup (240 mL) each (adults) of a number of vegetables and herbs. Some fruits may be fed as well. Please remember that your guinea pig’s food supply should NOT be mainly fresh vegetables and herbs.

Guinea should get only 1 cup (240 mL) of vegetables per day, which, if you are feeding snacks, should include some dark greens and preferably no fruit.

To help you find which vegetables, herbs, and fruits are safe to feed your guinea pig, please refer to the Guinea Pig Food List below.

NOTE: Always introduce new foods to your guinea pig slowly and patiently. Begin introducing new foods by providing a small piece or two during the “first try”. Then, portions of a particular guinea pig safe food may be increased slightly with each subsequent serving. The way that you introduce nutrients is as important as a healthy diet. Guinea pigs have a sensitive digestive system which is easily upset.

Help Us Maintain The Food List!

There are so many foods a guinea pig can eat. If you know of a food that is not included in this list which you think we should add, please let us know!

Share This Guinea Pig Nutrition & Diet Info

Then Like and Plus

Guinea Pig “Safe Food List”

Updated: April 14, 2014



Click a letter to view that vegetable and refer to the “Notes” for cautionary advice.

Information on this chart is derived from the USDA Nutrient Database, from SR22 to SR25 datasets. Information may have changed since the publication of this chart.

This chart takes into consideration several factors to arrive at our feeding frequency suggestions: sugar, calcium, phosphorous, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, oxalic acid content, and calcium to phosphorous (Ca:P) ratio. Not all fields are displayed due to space requirements. Chemical composition can be referenced at the USDA Nutrient Database.

CHART KEY

Almost daily  
Frequently: 2-4 times per week  
Occasionally: 1-2 times per week  
Rarely: 1-2 times per month

DO NOT copy or distribute this list it without express permission from HappyCavy.com. Contact us if you wish to use this list on your website.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
VEGETABLE / FRUIT
(fresh & raw)
VITAMIN C
in mg (per 100g)
CALCIUM
in mg (per 100g)
Notes
Alfalfa – pellets 0 2200 Alfalfa pellets are suitable for young, growing and/or pregnant guinea pigs (under 1 year of age).
Ref. Pellets: Alfalfa vs Timothy.
Apple 4.60 6.00 Apple seeds are poisonous
Apricot 10.00 13.00  
Arugula lettuce 15.00 160.00
Asparagus 17.69 28.14 May cause gas or bloating.
Banana 9.10 6.00 Can cause constipation.
Basil 4.5 38.0 Can cause constipation.
Beet greens/leaves
(beetroot greens/leaves)
30.00 117.00  
Beets (beetroot) 4.90 16.00  
Bell pepper     See Peppers (capscium)
Blackberries 21.00 32.00  
Blueberries 9.7 6.00 Feed in moderation.
Broccoli raab, rabe, rapini 93.00 48.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Broccolini 93.00 48.00 Stems are liked better than flowers
Brussels sprouts 85.00 42.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Cabbage, green 51.00 47.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Cabbage, red 57.00 51.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Cabbage, Chinese pak-choi 45.00 74.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Cabbage, Savoy 31.00 35.00 Feed in moderation. May cause gas or bloating.
Cantaloupe (rock melon) See Melon – Cantaloupe (rock melon)
Carrots 5.9 33.00 High Vitamin A. Feed in moderation.
Carrots, baby 2.60 32.00 High Vitamin A. Feed in moderation.
Carrots, top greens unknown unknown Unknown nutrient makeup. Feed sparingly.
Cauliflower / Broccoflower 46.40 22.00
Celery 7.00 40.00 Choking hazard. Remove the celery “veins” to prevent hazard.
Cherimoya 9.00 23.00 Very in very small amounts.
Cherries (without pits) – sour 10.00 16.00
Cherries (without pits) – sweet 7.00 13.00
Chicory, greens 24.00 100.00
Chicory, witloof 2.80 19.00
Cilantro (corriander) 27.00 67.00 Feed in moderation.
**Collards 35.30 145.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Corn on the cob (1 med ear) 6.10 2.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Cranberries 13.50 7.00 Feed in moderation.
Cress, garden 69.00 81.00
Cucumber with peel 5.30 14.00
Dandelion Greens 35.00 187.00
Dill 85.00 208.00
Eggplant 6.5 6.5
Elderberries 36.00 38.00 Feed in small amounts.
Endive (escarole) 6.50 52.00  
Fennel, fronds & leaves not recorded specially for fronds & leaves not recorded specially for fronds & leaves Feed rarely.
Grapefruit, white 37.00 15.00 Sour foods can cause mouth sores.
Grapes 4.00 14.00  
Grass (lawn) See Hay
Green beans, snap 12.20 37.00
Hay varies by type varies by type IMPORTANT: Read Selecting Hay.
Honeydew 120.00 135.00 See Melon – honeydew
Kale 120.00 135.00
Kiwifruit, fuzzy (kiwi or kiwi fruit) 92.70 34.00 Remove brown, fuzzy skin.
Kohlrabi 62.00 24.00 Feed in moderation.
Kumquat 37.40 44.00  
Lavender 12.00 215.00  
Leek 12.00 59.00  
Lettuce –
butterhead, boston, bibb
3.70 35.00
Lettuce –
romaine (cos lettuce)
4.00 33.00
Lettuce –
red leaf
3.70 33.00
Mammy-apple (mamey) 14.00 11.00  
Mandarin orange (or tangerine) 30.80 14.00 Feed in small amounts.
Mango 27.70 10.00  
Melon – Cantaloupe (rock melon) 36.70 9.00 Feed in small amounts.
Melon – casaba 16.00 5.00  
Melon – honeydew 24.80 6.00  
Melon – watermelon 9.60 8.00  
Mint (peppermint) 31.80 243.00  
Mustard greens 70.00 103.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Nectarine 5.40 5.00  
**Okra 21.10 81.00
Orange 53.20 40.00 Citrus can cause mouth sores.
Oregano 2.30 1597.00 Feed in very small amounts.
Papaya 61.80 24.00  
**Parsley (curly or flat) 133.00 138.00
Parsnip 17.00 36.00
Passionfruit, purple 30.00 12.00
Peach 6.60 5.00  
Peas, edible-podded 40.00 25.00
Pears – Asian 3.80 4.00  
Pears – European 6.60 18.15  
Peppermint 31.8 243.00  
Peppers (capscium), sweet green 80.40 10.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Peppers (capscium), sweet red 127.70 7.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Peppers (capscium), sweet yellow 183.50 11.00 May cause gas or bloating.
Persimmon 66.00 27.00 Feed in very small amounts.
Pineapple 15.40 7.00 Citrus can cause mouth sores.
Plum 9.50 4.00  
Pumpkin 11.00 39.00 High in Vitamin A.
Pumpkin Leaves 11.00 39.00 High in Vitamin A.
Quince 15.00 11.00
Radicchio 8.00 19.00  
Radishes 14.80 25.00  
Raspberries 26.00 25.00
Raspberry leaves (from raspberry plant) 25.00 22.00
Spearmint 13.3 199.00 Feed in very small amounts
**Spinach 28.10 99.00 May cause gas or bloating. Contains high levels of oxalic acid.
Squash, summer 17.00 15.00  
Squash, winter 12.30 28.00  
Starfruit 34.40 3.00  
Strawberries 56.70 14.00 Feed in moderation.
Sweet potato 22.70 22.00
Sweet potato leaves 11.00 37.00
**Swiss Chard 30.00 51.00 Feed in moderation. May cause diarrhea.
Taro leaves 52.00 107.00
Thyme 160.01 405.00 Feed in moderation.
#Tomato, red, cherry tomatoes 19.10 5.00 Avoid leaves and stems (poisonous) – See Dangerous Food List
Turnip greens 60.00 190.00
Watercress 43.00 120.00
Watermelon See Melon – watermelon
Watermelon rind Vitamin & mineral content unknown. Watermelon rind is safe.
Wheatgrass ~4.00 ~28.00 Fresh grasses may cause gut upsets.
Zucchini (courgette) 28.00 1.00


# Vitamin C values for tomatoes differ depending on variety and season.

** Contains oxalic acid which may contribute to the formation of bladder stones.

Please email website[at]happycavy.com to make additions to this list.

Vegetables and Fruits Safe for Guinea Pigs To Eat - The Happy Cavy "Snack" List, 4.4 out of 5 based on 1096 ratings
GD Star Rating
loading...

If you think this post deserves under 5 stars,
please let us know why in the comment section! :)

Leave a comment OR Submit an Article Idea

   

About HappyCavy

HappyCavy is the Internet's only 4-webcam broadcast inside the lives of a female guinea pig herd from Portland, Oregon.

website / google+

Trackbacks

  • Diet What are good veggies and fruits to feed my guinea pigs

HappyCavy generally does not reply to Facebook comments. If you wish to receive a reply, please click here to leave a comment, Ask HappyCavy, or contact us.

  • Cat

    don’t stick to hay, pellets, and water. also give about a teacup of veg a day. certain veg is better than others, certain veg is a treat and shouldn’t be given all the time. give green peppers regularly, tomatoes are a treat, carrots somewhere in the middle, cucumber is really hydrating but not super nutritious but also won’t do harm, lettuce is great but check the type don’t give iceberg. generally green veg is best.

    Wash the veg and give it to them wet. means they get extra water from the veg.

  • Justine

    I tend to give my guinea pigs a “salad” ever three days or every other day. Since our new additions have been primarily sticking with pellets, but everyone needs variety sometimes.

  • Justine

    What type of bedding would you suggest in keeping the urine odor to a minimum?

  • Danielle Nichole Keller

    Shouldn’t they have some veggies? Isn’t that why this list is here?

  • Yes, they can have veggies. The comment I left that you are replying to has receiving some flack due to the wording. It was in reply to a specific question, and my answer wasn’t phrased in the best way. Veggie snacks are fine, as long as they are kept in moderation. 🙂

  • E. T.

    No popcorn! No nuts. No rice cakes! Only the items listed above. Fresh Timothy Hay or Orchard Grass and high quality pellets. Like Farmer Dave’s Pet Supply timothy hay pellets. They are only Timothy hay. No junk, no fillers. 1 cup of fresh veggies per day and 1/8 cup pellets–per pig. Unlimited hay and water. The only people food that piggies can have is vegetables and water!

  • Janine Visconti

    Hello, I wanted to thank you for the time and support you give in guiding piggy parents. It has been a few weeks with my three boys and so far so great! Getting to know each personality and how to handle them, their likes/dislikes. But currently my boys are eating like kings and are quite comfortable letting me know if they want noms…it’s quite cute bringing them their favorite which is between cilantro and yellow peppers…they popcorn and jive…lol. I’ve been doing about a little over a cup of young piggy pellets, quality Timothy hay, I also got a small bag of alfalfa hay which I give as snack once a day, every night at 1030 I prepare the greens and veggies (still trying to figure how much each piggy should have, as they eat out of same ceramic dish…which is supposed to be for puppy dog but I bought it for them : p) occasionally they get berries or apple peels. Pretty much it! https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/6a30b8447c3916141faf896c28c3f5e2dcfd0b932656298ace72036ed32f65e0.jpg https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/b70bd9c9222643c4c04fe4752a14abc9f7aea36193a36e4973f1e7cee04867c5.jpg https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/c13b23f03cc9377feff0f7b0cb3c9b3d93b387bd2db353181bc2b3544a6eb07c.jpg https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/2bb979d7887abe28a3578a34ffd8a2e311cc3b882b05ca4722fc72dc81ca687f.jpg

  • Thanks for sharing phtos of your adorable piggy friends! It sounds like the boys are very happy to be with you!! XD

  • Darrell Johnston

    Can there eat weeds from gardon coz i have give them one will that hurt them

  • Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat random plants unless you know they are safe for consumption. I would monitor your guinea pig for 24 hours. Check that he/she is eating and pooping normally. If you notice that your guinea pig stops eating, becomes unusually lethargic, or has inconsistent or poops or isn’t going potty at all, call a vet ASAP.

  • Amalee Kuykendall

    How long will timonthy hay stay good and fresh I don’t want to buy to much at a time

  • Timothy hay will stay good for a long time as long as you keep it sealed in a container to keep it form light, moisture, and overhandling. If this is done correctly, timothy hay can stay good for months.

  • Nicolas González

    I have a question, my guineapig loves to eat pumpkin. Is the pumpkin too bad?
    Thanks!

  • Yes, guinea pigs can eat pumpkin. You can read more about the suitability of pumpkin for guinea pigs at http://www.guinealynx.info/forums/viewtopic.php?t=59413&view=next&sid=2233c44efce6dfd7a95ec8c1850e8c41

  • Debbie

    I have dried cranberries not the ones they sell in the Produce Dept but the ones that look like raisins……..can I feed them to our guinea pigs

  • Debbie

    Our guinea pigs are Squeaky & Isabelle they are so adorable….I’m always buying new food for them…I feed them Veggies. Fruits, lettuce, mustard greens, spinach, kale etc. But what is really funny they start squeaking when its their time to eat…..I also feed them here cilantro, basil, parsley oregano and dill

  • AlisaBeth Mallery-Nash

    I’m a new guinea pig owner. After my last rat died, I bought three young guinea pigs for local pet store. I love them so much more then rats and I love how you always know how they feel. They start to purr and squeak when I get up in the morning and when I come home. Being a newbie I was unsure what I could feed them and how often. This site gave me a much better idea on what and when. I really appreciate all the helpful info. Your a life saver. I do wonder why they don’t like green beans or celery though. None of them will touch the stuff. They cant get enough lettuce though. The pet store said lots of lettuce is great. Your thoughts?

  • Catherine Warren

    That’s funny! I have a Snickers too! Because when she purrs (or chutters, as I call it), it sounds like she’s laughing at me! Her cage mate is Butterscotch, and we also have Reese & Nougat, Mars & Mounds, Twix & Toffee, Kit & Kat, and Oreo & Aero. Yup, we have a herd too (called a muddle), and the only males are Mars & Mounds.

View All 4 Guinea Pig Web Cams

Blog Categories


The Guinea Pigs


Blog Archives


Find Guinea Pigs To Adopt


Find Us @

Flickr
Follow our photostream

YouTube
Subscribe to our videos

Facebook
facebook/happycavies

Twitter
@happycavy

Instagram
@happycavy

Pinterest
HappyCavy

Google+
Follow us on Google+

Subscribe to updates with a feed reader
Get Happy Cavy updates delivered to your favorite feed reader...or get updates by email


About This Guinea Pig Website

HappyCavy has been online since June 2009 with Hammy and Piglet. In October of 2009, a sweet, fuzzy cavy named Bitsy joined the webcam broadcasts.

Feebee and Buttercup were welcomed to the HappyCavy Forever Home as friends and co-conspirators in January 2011. Dot joined us on July 2012, and Winnie and Rosie were the most recent addition on February 8, 2015 and June 6, 2015, respectively. Learn more about the guinea pigs here.

Thanks for stopping by ... Please enjoy the show! :)

~ return to top ~